Understanding Bipolar Disorder: Mania, Depression, Treatment, and Case Study
Mania, or a manic episode, is defined when a person shows the mentioned symptoms over a period of at least 7 days. Signs of a manic episode are:
- High energy and acute activity
- Excessively good mood
- Irritability for impatience
- Erratic talking
- Inability to concentrate
- Little need for sleep
- Feelings of power
- Poor judgment
- Heavy careless spending
- High sex drive
- Alcohol or drug abuse
Depression refers to when a person experiences persistent sad mood, lack of energy in the body, and interest in activities that were considered pleasurable. If the mentioned symptoms are observed in a person for a period of 2 weeks or more. Then it’s important to consult the doctor for bipolar disorder treatment. In Fact, You can book your appointment at MindPlus for your bipolar disorder treatment in Ludhiana. Let’s discuss the symptoms of bipolar disorder:
- Sadness, anxiety, or a feeling of emptiness
- Feelings of guilt, feeling worthless, or feeling helpless
- The trouble with concentration or memory
- Thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, or attempts
- Pain or other physical symptoms not explained by an illness or injury
- Low energy
- Changes in appetite or weight
- Disturbances in sleep. need for less sleep or no sleep
- Lack of interest in activities that were once enjoyable, such as sex
Bipolar Disorder Treatment
Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness. A person during the illness may not know that he/she has a mood-related disorder. But, the changes in the person’s mood, behavior, and thoughts can be observed by others. Due to illness disturbances in routine, relationships, and workplace are often observed.
For the management of the symptoms, hospitalization is recommended. Also as there are risks to self and others, inpatient treatment helps manage it better.
Case Study on Bipolar Disorder and Treatment
Having bipolar disorder does not mean you are broken, it means you are strong and brave to confront your condition.
Mr. Ranjeet, a 46-year-old married male, currently separated from his wife was brought for hospitalization by his family.
They gave a history for the last 4 months where Ranjeet was restless, over-talkative, and felt a decreased need for sleep. He was also suspicious, over-religious, and showed aggressive behavior. A detailed clinical assessment was done which revealed, that there have been similar episodes in the past. With reference to his past and current psychiatric history. He was diagnosed with Bipolar affective disorder and currently has manic episodes with psychotic symptoms.
In the ward, Ranjeet revealed auditory hallucinations (where he would hear voices), and persecutory delusions (he believed that “some people are trying to conspire against me and kill me. They are constantly following me”).
For these symptoms, mood stabilizers and antipsychotic medications were started. A reduction in irritability, aggression, and suspiciousness was noted in 1 month. During the active treatment phase, education about the illness was given, which brought about awareness and understanding. Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy was given with the aim, to improve treatment and drug compliance. Ranjeet was also taught how to manage stress while at the same time working toward relapse prevention.
During the end of the second month, a significant reduction was observed in the manic-psychosis symptoms. Interpersonal disturbances due to illness and related aggression were addressed through family intervention. The patient attained complete recovery by the end of treatment and resumed his job. He is currently coming for follow-ups for the past 5 months and drug compliance is good.