Anxiety Disorders: Definition, Symptoms, Types and Treatment
Feeling anxious is a natural phenomenon. It is felt when a person faces any kind of real or perceived threat. A person can experience anxiety when speaking in front of a crowd, facing a camera, or just before entering an exam. For some people, this normal experience of feeling anxious becomes more common and frequent. It starts to cause distress and interference with their daily work, life and relationships.
Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder
Churning in the stomach
Shortness of breath
Sweating, hot flushes
Difficulty in sleeping
Raised blood pressure
Needing to use the toilet more/less than usual
A sense of dread
A sense of losing control,
Feeling restless and numb
Difficulty in attention and concentrations
Types of Anxiety Disorders
Panic disorder: A person who experiences a panic attack might have racing heart rate, numbness in hands or fingers, severe chest pains, sweaty hands, difficulties in breathing, sense of terror, feeling the loss of control. These symptoms can be experienced in a sudden and repeated manner. A person has attacks of fear that last for several minutes or longer
Social anxiety disorder: Social Phobia is, where the person gets self-conscious or start worrying too much about everyday social situations. The person worries about being judged or on being embarrassed or ridiculed.
Generalized anxiety disorder: You feel excessive, unrealistic worry and tension with little or no reason.
Specific phobias: During anxiety, the person starts fearing a specific object or situation, for example fearing from heights or flying. The extremes could go to a point where the person avoids ordinary situations out of fear and constantly worrying about it.
Anxiety Disorder Treatment
In a general situation, we get panicked and take time to accept the facts. One may practice a few ways to manage symptoms. Like:
Diet Change. The person must cut down on some specific foods and drinks that contain caffeine, i.e. coffee, tea, cola, energy drinks, and chocolate. As caffeine is a mood-altering drug and triggers the symptoms of anxiety disorder.
Physical Fit. Regular exercise and better sleep practice improves mental wellbeing and reduces stress-causing brain chemicals.
Relaxation and Good sleep. To better deal with the situation, make sure you are getting good rest and follow a peaceful bedtime routine.
Doctor Recommendation. It is recommended that you must consult your doctor before popping any type of mind-relaxing or sleep pill. For herbal remedies also, one must consult a certified doctor.
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